省略句用法专项练习(二)状语从句中的省略用法

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than,as引导的比较状语从句中的省略用法:

L,wU }:L3_N|0  当不同的主语进行比较时,一般省略从句中的谓语;当从句中的主语与谓语(be动词除外)和主句中的主语与谓语相同时,通常省略从句中的主语和谓语,只保留比较部分。英语培训_昂立教师BLOG5n,j S{Tz2Q H[

6f/ekSC,ZN3^0  e.g. He is taller than his brother (is).

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-kV-w0P[o s3E0f0  I have as much as confidence in you as (I have confidence) in him.英语培训_昂立教师BLOGS/mJN%r?,brh.L

c+k3\&c8uI L0  三、以if从句为代表的状语从句中的特殊省略用法:通常省略了it is,that is,there is/are。英语培训_昂立教师BLOG@9] @8Im]7R[.i9q}

&~iC5o)?!gJ;]#[0  e.g. If (it is) possible/necessary, this old temple will be rebuilt.英语培训_昂立教师BLOGGtD pw5q4H:Z){+RD"]6J

英语培训_昂立教师BLOG)dN7K X/J.w%^

  If (that is) so, I will call you back at 5:00 pm.

G2`}W Fq-\N0 英语培训_昂立教师BLOG @Oz(W XmX

  There are only a few books in our school library, if (there are) any.

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OuJ^]W0  Ⅱ、定语从句中的省略用法

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  关系词的省略 关系代词that,which,whom等在限制性定语从句中充当宾语且不位于介词之后时,可以省略;in which或that在先行词way后作方式状语从句时可省略。英语培训_昂立教师BLOG4}4E BpB4i.}"g?3G

f:dp'V%wi0  e.g. The man (that/who/whom) you visited last night is my grandpa.英语培训_昂立教师BLOG`{d^0~)}1} {

英语培训_昂立教师BLOGX,T U7Dn"R;J

  I don’t like the way (in which/that) you treat the girl.

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  Ⅲ、虚拟语气中if及should的省略

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YkL b A0  1、当条件状语从句中有were,had,should等时省略if,把它们提至句首,形成倒装句。

^7fk:r3ie`7AX0 英语培训_昂立教师BLOG+GV Sx ` m7v

  e.g. If I were a teacher, I would be strict with my students.英语培训_昂立教师BLOGx h l1Sz|2@4J*iX2y

Q%f.@rR:u XU R0  = Were I a teacher, I would be strict with my students.英语培训_昂立教师BLOGd@@*CFy4?!dF4H

英语培训_昂立教师BLOGin'u|?m E3BI(n

  2、Suggest,insist,order,require等表示建议、要求、命令的动词后接的名词性从句中,谓语动词常用“should+动词原形”,should可以省略。英语培训_昂立教师BLOGh*X y(y S0k"V

英语培训_昂立教师BLOGO/myN5qxA

  e.g. The doctor suggested that he (should) try to lose weight.英语培训_昂立教师BLOGLO-c2z;w!YVjU

9Cp4b2aj1F6[0  Ⅳ、不定式符号to的省略英语培训_昂立教师BLOGP soT4^xu z&X

.WW@M(s'x0  1、感官动词see,hear,feel,watch等和使役动词have,make,let等后接不定式作宾语时,不定式省略to。英语培训_昂立教师BLOG5H:?nz Q4k8z

M(d7OUWO%w(V4aP0  2、do nothing but,can’t help but等结构常接省略to的不定式。

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nx} l)h2` W6c9[8q0  e.g. We didn’t do anything but stay at home watching TV yesterday.

oc4u-fM;ma3}0 英语培训_昂立教师BLOG$sO;o2_z5_

  Hearing the news, she couldn’t help but cry.英语培训_昂立教师BLOG'@'p anU {Ec*b

英语培训_昂立教师BLOG/HC"^[U

  3、在特定语境中为了避免重复,当不定式再次出现时,在want,wish,hope,try,plan,like,love,hate后往往只保留to,而省略后面的动词。但不定式后有be,have时,也保留be和have。英语培训_昂立教师BLOGuJrK8_6BF:z%p

英语培训_昂立教师BLOG[&p#VU6W1c;j

  e.g. My parents encouraged me to go to college, but I didn’t want to.英语培训_昂立教师BLOG]hN(]~#I4jq

p P/hE:B+oi,rK5r0  Ⅴ、So和not的替代性省略

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0D m]&vgEh&g7|0  用于避免重复前面所说过的内容,替代词so/not替代肯定或否定的名词性从句。可与believe,do,expect,fear,guess,hope,say,speak,suppose,think,I’m afraid等连用

*N@-X _8?a;O0 英语培训_昂立教师BLOG} l%vG/L[

  e.g. – Do you suppose he is going to attend the meeting? – I suppose not.英语培训_昂立教师BLOGSO%b)ds2{ W

riJs7h"x u-m0  Ⅵ、日常交际中的省略

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4w}*CC/l"T0  在情景会话中,答语常常省略不会引起歧义的主语、谓语或宾语部分,而只保留对方希望了解的内容。在复合句或并列句中,也有省略主、谓、宾的情况。

1Gy!N9^2P:g.O0 英语培训_昂立教师BLOG$}-by9^r5a

  e.g. – How many copies do you want? -- (I want) Three copies, please.英语培训_昂立教师BLOG&TV;o pG`/i

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  -- Have you ever been to the Great Wall? -- No, (I have) never (been to the Great Wall).英语培训_昂立教师BLOG&M#R L,f }n { ?y


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