省略句用法专项练习(二)状语从句中的省略用法

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than,as引导的比较状语从句中的省略用法: 英语培训_昂立教师BLOG-rI.@9Y:VB

  当不同的主语进行比较时,一般省略从句中的谓语;当从句中的主语与谓语(be动词除外)和主句中的主语与谓语相同时,通常省略从句中的主语和谓语,只保留比较部分。英语培训_昂立教师BLOG%Hb:Z6`!g0OB/R,x#s

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  e.g. He is taller than his brother (is).

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(uUd6g-Unh$po0  I have as much as confidence in you as (I have confidence) in him.

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;c'D)hz,SE-{0  三、以if从句为代表的状语从句中的特殊省略用法:通常省略了it is,that is,there is/are。

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(Dc bi8L#et(^0  e.g. If (it is) possible/necessary, this old temple will be rebuilt.英语培训_昂立教师BLOG0MxDSWr~ l*b

&G+C'a UQI0  If (that is) so, I will call you back at 5:00 pm.

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U ^,g4a[@ {p0  There are only a few books in our school library, if (there are) any.英语培训_昂立教师BLOGmNU A"qU%T

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  Ⅱ、定语从句中的省略用法

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  关系词的省略 关系代词that,which,whom等在限制性定语从句中充当宾语且不位于介词之后时,可以省略;in which或that在先行词way后作方式状语从句时可省略。

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].^ E6s Dd{0  e.g. The man (that/who/whom) you visited last night is my grandpa.英语培训_昂立教师BLOG%@'k3`y-K G8BB/f

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  I don’t like the way (in which/that) you treat the girl.英语培训_昂立教师BLOG7O t1zy D5`A`

ce6`!Nm0  Ⅲ、虚拟语气中if及should的省略英语培训_昂立教师BLOG9R.}Lj/T}X

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  1、当条件状语从句中有were,had,should等时省略if,把它们提至句首,形成倒装句。

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5K0~ ? MF+E"Y0  e.g. If I were a teacher, I would be strict with my students.

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  = Were I a teacher, I would be strict with my students.英语培训_昂立教师BLOG A9Wed!X1R&d

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  2、Suggest,insist,order,require等表示建议、要求、命令的动词后接的名词性从句中,谓语动词常用“should+动词原形”,should可以省略。

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  e.g. The doctor suggested that he (should) try to lose weight.

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-ju+N M n+D'E0  Ⅳ、不定式符号to的省略

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  1、感官动词see,hear,feel,watch等和使役动词have,make,let等后接不定式作宾语时,不定式省略to。

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  2、do nothing but,can’t help but等结构常接省略to的不定式。英语培训_昂立教师BLOG.Blt_gd-T;Hi

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  e.g. We didn’t do anything but stay at home watching TV yesterday.

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7Qe6QD(W0  Hearing the news, she couldn’t help but cry.英语培训_昂立教师BLOG#[-n)E Dw:WC

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  3、在特定语境中为了避免重复,当不定式再次出现时,在want,wish,hope,try,plan,like,love,hate后往往只保留to,而省略后面的动词。但不定式后有be,have时,也保留be和have。英语培训_昂立教师BLOG:JVAEX(v

t;_$j.N4v0  e.g. My parents encouraged me to go to college, but I didn’t want to.英语培训_昂立教师BLOGQX\fm5l

4I-SGWX u c U)J0  Ⅴ、So和not的替代性省略英语培训_昂立教师BLOG8Y6X\RP1j9?5u

n1t`~ f'K4?'Jg0  用于避免重复前面所说过的内容,替代词so/not替代肯定或否定的名词性从句。可与believe,do,expect,fear,guess,hope,say,speak,suppose,think,I’m afraid等连用

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&~(['`+QR{Y~%^0  e.g. – Do you suppose he is going to attend the meeting? – I suppose not.英语培训_昂立教师BLOGKi;p3S\

0B'c U(m:OZOdW0  Ⅵ、日常交际中的省略

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,iz6PC@Sf`0  在情景会话中,答语常常省略不会引起歧义的主语、谓语或宾语部分,而只保留对方希望了解的内容。在复合句或并列句中,也有省略主、谓、宾的情况。英语培训_昂立教师BLOG3T;_1x,@O&?.p)z7g

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  e.g. – How many copies do you want? -- (I want) Three copies, please.

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t S2J%V7O \0  -- Have you ever been to the Great Wall? -- No, (I have) never (been to the Great Wall).英语培训_昂立教师BLOG2pu4Jgpn1}zh


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    上海外国语大学毕业。长期进行新概念、基口、中高考以及四六级系列的教学。英语法语专业八级高分通过,有着丰富的英语考试应试技巧。近年来在各项国际活动中担任现场翻译。对于英语教学特别是听力语法方面有着一套考前冲刺的方法,帮助学生在根本上提高英语能力以及应试技巧。授课风格亲切严谨而又不失幽默和趣味,让学生在学习中获得乐趣,获得广大学生的好评。座右铭:Man can succeed at almost anything for which he has unlimited enthusiasm.无论何事, 只要对它有无限热情, 你就能取得成功

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